Accommodation in Canada
Whether you are planning to stay shortly in Canada or for a perhaps for a longer period, the type of accommodation recommendable alternates.
Also where you will be staying vastly depends on the budget reserved for the trip. As a student, you might not be staying permanently the first time you come to the city, there might be other reasons such as a school interview, a round-trip around the campus or more.
ACCOMMODATION – SHORT TERM
Numerous hotels are at ones disposal once you arrive at your Canadian destination. Canadian hotels, like those in other developed countries, offer private rooms, a buffet and daily cleaning services. It’s always wise to make a reservation prior to your departure, especially during the busy seasons Aug-May where most of the hotels are booked and definitely more expensive. You might want to double check if there is some popular event happening on the designated city, to make sure you have your rom reserved quite some time before. (At such cases, you might be able to make a reservation more than just within a weeks’ notice).
Naturally, hotel services, price and quality vary. Getting a room in a big city will cost you more than one in the periphery. However, Canada is known to provide comfortable and neat accommodation for a very reasonable price. In today’s era mostly everything can be paid via credit card even online, and reservations can be made either directly or by a travel agent in your home country. Price range varies starting from low priced accommodation for $45-$75 CDN per night (one has to be very careful when choosing such a place to stay, and definitely bow on the expectations) to luxurious venues (Five star Hotels) of $250 CDN & upwards.
Another alternative for a short stay would be a Bed-and-Breakfast entity. For a very reasonable price you can book a room in a private home, or a locally run- establishment which includes a generous breakfast. It’s common for the rooms to share toilets and baths. The establishment running as a Bed-and-Breakfast accommodation can be a heritage home, modern townhouse, rural farmhouse, or seaside home which makes it culturally interesting. It is also a great way to meet local people. A room in such a facility costs somewhere around $35 to $105 CDN per night.
Opposed to more expensive hotels, a hostel is the perfect low-budget temporary accommodation in a big city. Hostels offer some basic services, a clean room rarely private since most of them house several beds, toilets, baths and kitchen is shared. As for being sanitary, a Canadian hostel must be inspected and approved by the Canadian Hostelling Association. Great thing about the majority of the hotels is that you are free to use the kitchen to cook your own food, and make new friends. Average cost of a room in a hostel: $10 – $20 CDN per night.
An alternative to the hostels, are also the Christian establishment running since forever, inexpensive, neat and comfortable yet under strict rules. In addition to great living conditions, they often include pools and fitness centers, healthy and motivating. However, they fill up rather quickly during the summer period so a reservation is a must. Average cost of a room in a YWCA (Young Women’s Christian Associations) /YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Associations) : $24 – $45 CDN per night.
ACCOMMODATION – LONG TERM
The academic year is about to start and it’s finally time to settle in Canada. Your long-term options, depending on your preference and lifestyle, vary between school provided accommodation and off campus housing.
School Provided Accommodation
Staying in with a Canadian family is the perfect way to blend in as an expat. Several Canadian families are contracted by Universities to host and welcome international students in their homes. If your lack of fluency in English or French ever bothered you, staying with a Canadian family will certainly make that problem go away. Homestays are also home-like and friendly environments that host young students taking a giant step to an emancipated life abroad. Commonly a homestay refers to a small-family house, preferably having a student of their own for a child welcoming an international student to stay for as long as the school year goes on. Students are entitled to a furnished cozy room, family meals and participation in the family and the community.
The location of the family and their lifestyle is arranged to best suit the students interests, preferably close to the University. It happens that the University arranges for the family to meet their newcomer at the airport for the purpose of early bonding.
Average cost of homestay accommodation: $400 – $800 CDN per month and the price mostly varies due to the location of the house. It is likely to be charged with an advance of 200 CDN.
Usually, Universities in Canada provide the students with accommodation of their own close to the Campus. Rooms are basically the same everywhere, they might not be furnished however and the kitchen, baths and toilets are shared. Commonly it’s difficult to get a private room, as the rooms are mostly shared with other students yet they are definitely separated by gender. Dormitories for instance are a concrete facility providing rooms for either only girls, or only boys. When living in the dormitory you are close to the university and the campus activities at all times including leisure and educational activities, group studying and much more. This way, your life will circle around students of your own age and similar interests, a perfect way to make new friends. Average cost of residence/dormitory rooms: $3,000 – $7,500 CDN per school year.
Renting is a more private alternative for students who awe for silence and intimacy. Rents vary greatly due to the location, quality and availability. Living alone in an apartment is quite a luxury; therefore students tend to share accommodation in order to keep the expenses low. Depending at the location of the University Campus, student tend to seek for apartment in that area or close to avoid daily transportation costs and appreciate more sleep time in the morning. Usually, the University itself provides its international students with lists of suitable rent alternatives nearby. Again, it is recommendable to be arranging options online, while in your home-country, as the season starts the apartments go scarce in Canada.
In Canada, there are several types of homes you can rent being an international students. Renting a house by yourself costs a fortune, yet if you share accommodation with other students it can be a great alternative with a garden and all that space. Students however tend to go for a shared entity such as a suite, a private room, a shared kitchen, toilet and a bathroom within someone’s home. Average cost of a suite or apartment: $400 – $1,500 CDN monthly.
Apartments are another option, you and the roommates get to be the sole inhabitants of the space and thus decide some common grounds. The downside of renting is that comes with no meals, sometimes not even furniture. It can be possible for electricity and heat costs to be included in the rent.
If you decided on private accommodation, it is no longer the Universities responsibility to make sure you are appropriately settled. Renting policy requires damage deposit and rent regularly paid via a bank or in some cases cash. When signing the deal with the landlord, students should be very careful and attentive towards the terms of the lease. Before you sign any documents, students should examine the space for eventual repairs needed.
Average cost of shared accommodations in Canada: $250 – $700 CDN monthly.
When finding accommodation in Canada you ought to keep in mind:
Do start looking for accommodation prior to your departure in Canada, especially if you will be travelling during the summer months, national holidays or some popular festivals.
Always inspect the space for inconsistencies before making any rent deposits or signing a lease.
Prices can be varied depending on the location, the conditions and the time period, however with some prior digging you will find out that Canadians are truly friendly, welcoming and reasonable people to be living with or near to.
Low price range: $45-$75 CDN
Moderate price range: $55-$135 CDN
Expensive price range: $135 – $250 CDN
Five-Star Hotel price range: $250 CDN & upwards
Bed & Breakfast
Average price: $35 to $105 CDN per night.
Hostels/ Average price: $10 – $20 CDN per night.
YWCA/YMCA/ Average price: $24 – $45 CDN per night.
Average price: $400 – $800 CDN per month.
Average price: $3,000 – $7,500 CDN per school year
Average price of shared accommodations in Canada: $250 – $700 CDN monthly.
Average price of a suite or apartment: $400 – $1,500 CDN monthly.
Terms and Conditions
When signing a lease, the landlord and the tenants agree on the rent and the services provided by the rental unit (parking, cable, wi-fi, heat, electricity, air-conditioning). As a policy, rent cannot be increasing within a 12 month period.
Depending on how you pay your rent you will be requested a deposit in case of an emergency; if the rent is paid monthly, the deposit cannot exceed the amount of one month’s rent. Deposit is usually paid ahead, before entering the premises. The deposit cannot be used to repair any damages whatsoever; it’s designated for cases when the tenant fails to pay the last rate.
The property that is being rented must be in good shape, according to health, safety, housing and maintenance standards.
Upon renting a doubtful facility, the landlord has to do some repairs based on the predetermined standards, even if the owner agreed to rent the facility the way it was. In case there are no reparations, the tenant can complain to the Board which will later on decide on the reasonable measurements towards the situation: Either free the tenant from his rent until the mending is done, or minimize the amount of money paid as rent to the landlord. On the other hand, the tenants must keep the place functional and within the common sanitary boundaries. In case of any damages of the apartment or the surrounding area (hallway, elevator, stairway, driveway or parking area), the tenant is obliged to cover the expenses of the sort. It does not matter whether the damage was done on purpose or by not being careful enough – the tenant is responsible.
Beware, the tenants must not pay for old “worn&torn” pieces of furniture as the damage is considered natural. If the tenant doesn’t pay for the damages caused to the rented property, the board might consider that as cause for eviction.
The landlord cannot interfere with the usage of common vital services on the rental unit, such as:
Hot or cold water
In order for the landlord to enter the premises without prior notice it has to be a case of a sort:
An emergency such as a fire,
A mutual agreement between the tenant and landlord
A landlord can enter a rental unit without written notice, only between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. and only if:
The contract includes cleaning the space as the landlord’s obligation, and the tenant agrees for it to be done in those hours.
If the rent agreement has expired and both parties have agreed to end it, the landlord can come in without notice in order to show the place to potential new tenants.
Reasons for eviction
An eviction notice will be sent to the tenant eventually in case they don’t obey the significant number of rules as following.
Not paying the rent in full,
Persistently paying the rent late,
Causing damage to the rental property,
Affecting the safety of others,
Disturbing the enjoyment of other tenants or the landlord,
Allowing too many people to live in the rental unit (“overcrowding”),
Not reporting income in subsidized housing.
There are cases where the landlord can be irritated by the hazardous behavior of a pet towards the community and serve the tenant with an eviction notice.
Additional reasons for eviction
Reasons why a tenant can be evicted aren’t necessarily regarded to what they’ve done or didn’t do. One can be evicted in cases where:
The landlord wants the rental unit for their own use or for the use of an immediate family member or a caregiver,
The landlord has agreed to sell the property and the purchaser wants all or part of the property for their own use or for the use of an immediate family member or a caregiver,
The landlord plans major repairs or renovations that require a building permit and vacant possession,
The landlord plans to demolish the rental property.